Having read this far you probably have a good inkling for which preferences you have. Are you an Introvert or an Extravert? A Sensor or an iNtuitor? A thinker or a feeler? A judger or a perceiver?
Still not sure? It is time to do a test.
How about a close relation, partner or friend. What Personality type would you give them based on the information that you have so far?
Now you know what your Personality type is and now you have an idea what type certain people around you are you might be thinking…..
“This is interesting but what can do I with this information?”
Myers & Briggs determined that dependent upon our type (one of the 16 personality types), different parts of our personality have more influence over us than other parts and that these more dominant parts provide a level of definition over our character. Likewise, they considered that certain areas of our personality would be less prominent or we would be less keen to utilise these areas.
Therefore, if we know which areas we have a strong preference for, we can ensure that we are living our lives to our strengths (maximising our strengths). We can design our life and the way that we spend our time to ensure that we are creating the greatest potential for happiness.
If we know where our weaknesses lie, then we can focus our development on those areas so that we grow to our potential.
If we are in an organisation and we have a job vacancy that needs filling or a business problem, then we can design our ideal staff profile based on the specific requirements of the job or the problem.
If we are searching for a job opportunity, then we can identify the perfect roles to fit our own personality profile.
Myers & Briggs observed that parts or functions of personality could be prioritised as:
- Dominant Function – the preference with the most influence
- Auxiliary Function – next most influential part
- Tertiary Function – 3rd ranked in terms of influence
- Inferior Function – function with the least influence
How do we work out the dominant, auxiliary, tertiary and inferior functions of personality?
The next stage of the process involves applying rules to our four letter type:
1) Either letter 2 or 3 in the type (S/N or T/F) is the Dominant Function, the other is the Auxiliary Function.
2) One of either letter 2 or 3 is Extraverted, the other is Introverted. See diagram above.
If J is the preference then T/F is extraverted (and therefore S/N is introverted).
If P is the preference then S/N is extraverted (and therefore T/F is introverted).
3) Letter 1 (I/E) tells us what the preferred attitude is, Extraversion or Introversion.
4) The dominant function is typically derived from the preferred attitude of I/E.
Therefore using the profile INTJ as an example:
T is extraverted (determined by J) so N is introverted. Introverted Intuition is therefore the dominant function.
Using INTP as a second example:
N is extraverted (determined by P) so T is introverted. Introverted Thinking is the dominant function.
5) The auxiliary function is the other letter of 2 or 3.
So in the case of example 1 – INTJ – it is Extraverted Thinking – giving (Dominant) Introverted Intuition and (Auxiliary) Extraverted Thinking.
In example 2 – INTP – it is Extraverted Intuition – giving (Dominant) Introverted Thinking and (Auxiliary) Extraverted Intuition.
6) The tertiary function is opposite to the auxiliary function.
EG INTJ it would be Feeling. For INTP it would be Sensing.
7) The inferior function is opposite to the dominant function.
EG INTJ it is Extraverted Sensing. For INFP it is Extraverted Feeling.
Fortunately for you we have done the work for you!
See the table below:
|Type||Dynamic Name (Dominant with Auxiliary) – Most likely, most comfortable||Tertiary||Inferior – Less likely, less comfortable|
|ISTJ||Introverted Sensing with Extraverted Thinking||Feeling||Extraverted Intuition|
|ISFJ||Introverted Sensing with Extraverted Feeling||Thinking||Extraverted Intuition|
|ESTP||Extraverted Sensing with Introverted Thinking||Feeling||Introverted Intuition|
|ESFP||Extraverted Sensing with Introverted Feeling||Thinking||Introverted Intuition|
|INTJ||Introverted Intuition with Extraverted Thinking||Feeling||Extraverted Sensing|
|INFJ||Introverted Intuition with Extraverted Feeling||Thinking||Extraverted Sensing|
|ENTP||Extraverted Intuition with Introverted Thinking||Feeling||Introverted Sensing|
|ENFP||Extraverted Intuition with Introverted Feeling||Thinking||Introverted Sensing|
|ISTP||Introverted Thinking with Extraverted Sensing||Intuition||Extraverted Feeling|
|INTP||Introverted Thinking with Extraverted Intuition||Sensing||Extraverted Feeling|
|ESTJ||Extraverted Thinking with Introverted Sensing||Intuition||Introverted Feeling|
|ENTJ||Extraverted Thinking with Introverted Intuition||Sensing||Introverted Feeling|
|ISFP||Introverted Feeling with Extraverted Sensing||Intuition||Extraverted Thinking|
|INFP||Introverted Feeling with Extraverted Intuition||Sensing||Extraverted Thinking|
|ESFJ||Extraverted Feeling with Introverted Sensing||Intuition||Introverted Thinking|
|ENFJ||Extraverted Feeling with Introverted Intuition||Sensing||Introverted Thinking|
What do these Personality type dynamics imply? What do they mean?
The dominant function implies that someone does it a lot, is comfortable doing it and is therefore probably good at it.
An inferior function is the opposite – normally a weakness.
Someone who’s Dynamic is:
- Introverted Sensing – favours (is good at and does a lot of) recalling facts and details of past events
- Extraverted Thinking – prefers dealing primarily with understanding and organizing the external world. Wants everything to make logical sense, and has very little patience of unproductive activities
- Extraverted Feeling – deals with understanding others emotions and feelings in the present moment
- Extraverted Sensing – lives in the present moment
- Introverted Thinking – wants the world to make sense in a logical manner
- Introverted Feeling – deals with the person’s own individual feelings and beliefs
- Introverted Intuition – deals with understanding how the world works through internal intuitive analysis
- Extraverted Intuition – deals with experiencing the outer world, noticing possibilities, and what could be
Now it is time to look at the different types in detail in order to see how they interact, compliment each other, conflict and consider what the development opportunities are for each type.
What is your Personality Type? Take our personality test for FREE now.